The hottest structural adjustment promotes upgradi

2022-08-24
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Adjust structure, promote upgrading, speed up the construction of a powerful tungsten industry

tungsten is a strategic rare metal with unique excellent properties, which is widely used in civil, industrial, military and other fields. China ranks first in the world in terms of tungsten resource reserves, production, trade and consumption. It is a large country in the tungsten industry, but it is not a strong country in the tungsten industry. Since entering the new century, China's tungsten industry has achieved leapfrog development, with the expansion of industrial scale, the enhancement of economic strength, and the significant improvement of process technology and equipment level. However, China's tungsten industry is still in the middle and low end of the global tungsten industry chain, and its tungsten resource control, market influence, technical guidance and cultural appeal are not strong, and the quality and efficiency of development are not high. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, China will speed up the transformation of tungsten industry "Type upgrading has entered a critical period of becoming a world power in tungsten industry.

problem: mining intensity is high, and the reserve production ratio of tungsten ore is unbalanced.

innovation ability is not strong, and the technical content and added value of products are low.

low-level repeated construction, and the contradiction of overcapacity is prominent.

industrial concentration is low, and the development quality and efficiency are not high.

suggestions: improve resource guarantee ability and market influence.

formulate and improve industrial supervision policies and laws Regulation

strictly manage the total mining volume control indicators

establish a National Tungsten strategic resource reserve system

accelerate industrial transformation and upgrading

during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's tungsten industry continued to maintain steady development, and the pace of resource integration, strategic restructuring, structural adjustment and industrial upgrading further accelerated. The degree of resource guarantee has been improved; Production capacity and output maintained growth; Tungsten market price rebounded and economic strength increased; The import and export of tungsten products generally showed a downward trend, and the export of cemented carbide maintained a growth trend; The level of technology and equipment has been significantly improved; The pace of product structure adjustment has accelerated, and the industrial concentration has increased

the achievements of China's Tungsten Industry during the 12th Five Year Plan period were explained in detail in the "China tungsten industry development plan (year)" (hereinafter referred to as the "plan") prepared by the China Tungsten Industry Association on December 27. The plan details the achievements of China's Tungsten Industry during the 12th Five Year Plan from six aspects. First, China's tungsten resources have been improved. Data show that by the end of 2015, China's identified tungsten resource reserves were 9.5879 million tons (WO3), an increase of 62.23% over 2010. It is distributed in 24 provinces and regions, mainly concentrated in 10 provinces and regions such as Hunan, Jiangxi, Gansu, Henan, Guangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Inner Mongolia, Yunnan and Anhui. The total verified resource reserves in 10 provinces and regions account for 94.06% of the country

since entering the new century, China has vigorously promoted the exploration of alternative resources in old mining areas and the evaluation of resources in new areas. The Ministry of land and resources has implemented the "strategic action outline for breakthrough in prospecting (year)", put forward the "358" goal of "making major progress in three years, making major breakthroughs in five years, and reshaping the pattern of geological and mineral exploration and development in eight years", and strengthened the prospecting work in old mines. New breakthroughs have been made in tungsten exploration. During the "12th Five Year Plan" period, 25 tungsten resource ore producing areas were newly discovered, including 23 large and medium-sized ones, with a cumulative newly identified tungsten resource reserve of 4.599 million tons (WO3), an increase of 598.9% year-on-year

second, China's tungsten production capacity has maintained growth. In 2015, the annual mining and beneficiation capacity of tungsten mines nationwide (equivalent to wo365% of tungsten concentrate) reached 129800 tons and 163000 tons respectively, an increase of 20.07% and 12.18% over 2010

since entering the new century, the growth rate of China's tungsten concentrate output has accelerated, from 45500 tons (wo365%, the same below) in 2000 to 129100 tons in 2015, an increase of 183.86%, with an average annual growth of 7.20%. The global output of tungsten concentrate increased from 57500 tons in 2000 to 158400 tons in 2015, an increase of 175.28%, with an average annual increase of 6.98%. Except for a few years, the output of tungsten concentrate in China accounts for more than 80% of the global total output

during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, China's engineers seeking to significantly improve electromechanical efficiency and performance can benefit from aluminum matrix composites (AMC). The output of tungsten concentrate is 408900 tons (wo365%, the same below), with an average annual growth of 16.94%; During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, China's cumulative tungsten concentrate output was 447100 tons, an increase of 9.32% over the "Tenth Five Year Plan", with an average annual increase of 3.33%, and the growth rate slowed significantly; During the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China's cumulative tungsten concentrate output reached 621900 tons, an increase of 39.11% over the "11th Five Year Plan", with an average annual increase of 1.87%, and the output growth rate further slowed down

in 2015, the production capacity of ammonium paratungstate (hereinafter referred to as apt), tungsten powder and cemented carbide reached 208000 tons, 76200 tons and 43100 tons respectively, an increase of 8.05%, 23.70% and 20.03% over 2010, and an average annual increase of 1.56%, 4.35% and 3.89% respectively; The production capacity of tungsten wire and ferrotungsten was 35 billion meters and 30000 tons respectively, a decrease of 18.92% and 12.5% compared with 2010, and an average annual decrease of 4.11% and 2.64% respectively

in 2015, the output of apt, tungsten powder and cemented carbide reached 81000 tons, 37700 tons and 26500 tons respectively, an increase of 20.9%, 4.72% and 20.45% over 2010, and an average annual increase of 3.87%, 0.93% and 3.79% respectively; Affected by the high tariffs on energy-saving lamps, LEDs and ferrotungsten, the output of tungsten wires and ferrotungsten decreased significantly. In 2015, the output was 13.7 billion meters and 6200 tons respectively, a decrease of 42.29% and 4.62% respectively compared with 2010, and an average annual decrease of 10.61% and 0.94% respectively

third, tungsten market prices have rebounded and economic strength has increased. In the new century, the state began to control the total amount of tungsten mining in 2002. After joining the WTO in 2001, China retained the right to manage the state-run trade of 13 varieties of tungsten and tungsten products, which were exclusively operated by a limited number of companies (13) designated by the government, and strengthened the supervision of tungsten exports. In 2003, the price of tungsten concentrate began to rise, from 18000 yuan/ton in 2000 to 24500 yuan/ton, and then rose all the way. The average annual price exceeded 100000 yuan/ton in 2006 and reached a historical high of 137600 yuan/ton in 2011. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the average price of tungsten concentrate was 87800 yuan/ton, which was 2.32 times that of the "Tenth Five Year Plan"; The average price of tungsten concentrate during the 12th Five Year Plan period was 112800 yuan/ton, 28.50% higher than the average price during the 11th Five Year Plan period

since 2004, China's tungsten industry has stepped out of the trough for many years, got rid of difficulties, achieved a historic leap, and the overall economic strength has been enhanced. In 2003, the sales revenue of the whole industry exceeded 10billion yuan, and the average annual sales revenue during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period was 38.6 billion yuan. Despite the impact of the international financial crisis during the 12th Five Year Plan period, the sales revenue of the tungsten industry continued to grow, with an average annual sales revenue of 70.6 billion yuan, an increase of 82.90% over the 11th five year plan

fourth, the import and export of tungsten products generally showed a downward trend, and the export of cemented carbide maintained growth. Affected by the impact of the financial crisis, the slowdown of economic growth, the sluggish demand of the international tungsten market, the strengthening of environmental protection constraints of domestic tungsten enterprises, the rigid growth of labor costs, the expansion of the international tungsten industry to the field of tungsten resources, and the increase in the recycling of waste tungsten, China's absolute advantage as a major supplier of tungsten raw materials is weakening

during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, China's total export of tungsten products (including cemented carbide, the same below) was 146200 tons (tungsten metal, the same below), with an average annual export of 29200 tons; During the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China's total export of tungsten products was 132000 tons, with an average annual export of 26400 tons, a decrease of 9.71% over the "11th Five Year Plan" period and an average annual decrease of 5.69%. During the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, China's total export of cemented carbide was 15800 tons, with an average annual export of 3159 tons; During the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's total exports of cemented carbide reached 23800 tons, with an average annual export of 4750 tons, an increase of 50.35% over the 11th Five Year Plan period and an average annual growth of 5.78%

during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" period, the total amount of tungsten products (including tungsten concentrate, the same below) imported by China was 29900 tons (tungsten metal, the same below), with an average annual import of 5993 tons; During the 12th Five Year Plan period, China imported 24900 tons of tungsten products, with an average annual import of about 4993 tons, a decrease of 16.69% over the 11th Five Year Plan period

fifth, the level of tungsten smelting technology and equipment in China has been significantly improved. New breakthroughs have been made in the beneficiation and smelting technology of low-grade tungsten ore and black-and-white mixed tungsten ore, and the tungsten smelting technology and product quality have reached or exceeded the world advanced level; Through independent innovation and the introduction and absorption of foreign advanced technology, the production technology and process equipment level of China's cemented carbide enterprises have made a big leap forward, and the innovation ability of the industry has been enhanced, which has greatly shortened the gap with the international advanced level. The gap between the quality of high-end cemented carbide products such as ultra-fine grain, ultra coarse grain, functionally graded cemented carbide materials and super large cemented carbide products and foreign countries has narrowed, and tungsten products are developing in the direction of high performance, high precision and high added value

sixth, the pace of product structure adjustment has been accelerated, the industrial concentration has increased, significant progress has been made in the integration of tungsten resources, and the development and utilization of tungsten resources has developed to scale, intensification and standardization. The number of central regional economic support projects, resource integration mining areas, resource comprehensive utilization demonstration bases, and resource replacement technological transformation projects increased; Smelting and processing project investment is developing towards advanced technology, green environmental protection and high-end tungsten products. The project has a high starting point, large investment and standardized management. In particular, investment projects in tungsten terminal applications such as high-performance cemented carbide bars, CNC blades and tools have increased

significant progress has been made in technological transformation, and the industrial structure is moving towards the middle and high end. The State implements the innovation driven development strategy, adopts fiscal interest subsidies, accelerates depreciation and other measures, implements major projects such as high-end equipment, information networks, integrated circuits, new energy, new materials, biomedicine, aeroengines, gas turbines and so on, cultivates a number of emerging leading industries, grabs the competitive highland of emerging industries and emerging formats, promotes the technological transformation of traditional industries, and promotes the industrial structure to move towards the medium and high end; With the development of advanced manufacturing and NC machining technology, the market of cemented carbide NC blades in China is booming, and the localization process is speeding up. By the end of 2015, 15 enterprises in China had built cemented carbide CNC blade production lines, with a capacity of 160million pieces and an output of nearly 100million pieces, compared with only one in 2010

"the 13th five year plan" is full of challenges

although China's tungsten industry has made gratifying achievements during the "12th Five Year Plan", at present, the scale and output of China's tungsten industry are growing, and the contradiction between overcapacity is intensifying; Rising production costs and prominent industrial structural contradictions; Insufficient technological innovation ability, weak development ability of high-end products, low development quality and efficiency, structural contradictions and problems in the development of industries have become prominent, and the pressure on environmental protection has increased. The international competitiveness and innovation ability of cemented carbide are not strong, and it is difficult to make breakthroughs in cutting-edge technologies and key technologies. It is urgent to accelerate the transformation of the development mode of relying on resource consumption, increasing output and sacrificing the environment, and the tungsten industry urgently needs transformation and upgrading

"planning" information shows that, first of all, in terms of tungsten mining, China's current tungsten mining intensity is high, and the reserve production ratio of tungsten is unbalanced. Data show that China's tungsten reserves account for less than 50% of the world's tungsten reserves, while the output of tungsten concentrate accounts for about 80% of the world's output, and the reserve production ratio of tungsten ore is less than 1/4 of that of foreign countries. In 2015, although the tungsten resource reserves identified in China increased significantly, the basic reserves decreased significantly, and the resource advantage is gradually weakening. In particular, wolframite resources decreased sharply and gradually dried up, and the resource security situation is not optimistic

since the total mining volume control was implemented in 2002, especially since the "suspension of accepting applications for new rare earth and tungsten exploration and mining registration certificates" has been implemented for many consecutive years since 1999, the total mining volume of tungsten mines has increased rapidly

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