Operation of steel industry in 2018

2022-09-22
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The operation of the steel industry in 2018

in 2018, the steel industry continued to promote the supply side structural reform, the industrial structure was continuously optimized, the market order was significantly improved, and the economic benefits of the whole industry reached the best level in history

first, crude steel output hit another record high. In 2018, the output of pig iron, crude steel and steel (including repeated materials) in China was 771 million tons, 928 million tons and 1.106 billion tons respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 3.0%, 6.6% and 8.5% respectively. The output of crude steel reached a record high. In 2018, the apparent consumption of domestic crude steel was 870 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 14.8%, reaching the highest level in history, of which the domestic self-sufficiency rate exceeded 98%

second, steel exports continued to decline significantly internationally. In 2018, China exported 69.34 million tons of steel, a year-on-year decrease of 8.1%; The export value was 398.5 billion yuan, an increase of 7.7% year on year; The average export price was 5747 yuan/ton, a year-on-year increase of 17.2%. In 2018, China imported 13.17 million tons of steel, a year-on-year decrease of 1.0%; The import amount was 108.3 billion yuan, an increase of 5.5% year-on-year; The average price was 8225 yuan/ton, with a year-on-year increase of 6.5%. It is expected that steel exports will gradually stabilize in 2019

III. steel prices are generally high. Continuing the price trend in the second half of 2017, steel prices were generally at a relatively high level in 2018, with an average steel composite price index of 115.8 points, an increase of 7.6% year-on-year. In the first half of 2018, the steel price index was basically stable. 4. Insert the pin of the button box into the socket point, and the price continued to rise since July. Until November, the steel price began to fall rapidly. By the end of December, the steel composite price index fell to 107.1 points, down 13% from the highest point in the year

IV. the economic benefits of the industry reached the best level in history. Due to the combined effect of supply side structural adjustment, environmental protection supervision, strong market demand and other factors, steel prices were at a high level in 2018, the price of imported iron ore remained basically stable, and the industrial efficiency reached the best level in history. 2. Test the crack growth rate of metal materials and the threshold value of materials. In 2018, the main business income of China's steel industry was 7.65 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.8% year-on-year; The profit was 470.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 39.3%. Among them, the main business income of key large and medium-sized steel enterprises was 4.13 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.8% year-on-year; There are probably several common failures of the real tensile testing machine: the current profit is 286.3 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 41.1% and a profit margin of 6.93%. By the end of 2018, the asset liability ratio of key large and medium-sized iron and steel enterprises was 65.02%, a year-on-year decrease of 2.6 percentage points

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